science

The water flowing from the Arctic Ocean is currently more than three times as warm as the Atlantic, and it is flowing to a much warmer Gulf of Alaska.

The study, “Rising temperature, warm water entering the North Atlantic,” was published in Nature Climate Change today. Researchers used air flow models to show that the meltwater flowing from Greenland to the Gulf of Alaska is rising twice as fast as the Greenland air flow into the North Atlantic.

Since the 1970s, Arctic sea ice has fallen by nearly a quarter because of a lack of warm water; the new research suggests that this warming trend is even more dramatic, and is largely driven by human emissions of greenhouse gases. The researchers suggested that this process may accelerate melting of the Greenland ice sheet and other ice shelves this century.

The researchers used numerical climate simulations of Greenland’s ice sheet from satellites and climate models to study the effect that the rate of meltwater release will have on the ice sheet surface. The sea ice is already relatively thin, so melting would be more rapid. With the amount of meltwater in the ocean expected to increase, melting of the ice shelf and the grounding line, the point where an ice shelf lands on the ocean bottom, could accelerate quickly. The study notes that, “there was a significant warming of the ice surface in response to rapid releases of meltwater from the ice sheet during the 1990s and early 2000s.”

The study’s leads, researchers from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory and Scripps Institution of Oceanography, wrote today, “This is the first global temperature-related study to show that the Greenland ice sheet response to a climate change event is driven primarily by local response to this observed warm water influx.”

This allowed Denisovans to change many genes in the gene pool of this archaic human population which created a human population that diverged from our own. There’s a lot of good evidence that this interbreeding occurred several times, but a big part of that evidence came from a genetic analysis of archaic people . While a more extensive analysis may not come soon, recent work does show that Neanderthals and Denisovans may have interbred during this entire period, but the reasons why they did is not known. One possibility is that the ancient Denisovans interbred with the populations of the Middle East , but more recent archaeological and genetic work has brought that conclusion into question. Other researchers believe this interbreeding may have been triggered by some kind of ecological event like drought or famine, but it seems that we don’t yet know the full story. Some scientists have proposed a possible explanation for this mixing: Neanderthals and Denisovans may have exchanged genes with each other before then, but it’s not yet clear how.

The question of the time of the interbreeding is important because there’s evidence that the interbreeding in the past was not quite as quick as is commonly believed. For example, a study of more than 140 previously identified Denisovan and Neanderthal DNA found that between 400,000 years ago and 150,000 years ago, two separate ancient populations, those of Denisova Cave in Russia and that of Siberia, mixed before the Denisovan interbreeding that occurred around 500,000 years ago. In fact, when the Denisovan and Neanderthal DNA is compared to modern humans, its genetic structure is similar to that of modern day Western Europeans. Further analysis of those same Denisovan and Neanderthal DNA found that the Neanderthals in the area of Siberia were not quite as far to the east as previously supposed, and that as far as the Denisovans were concerned, they were not related at all. A different study, published this year in Nature Genetics , found that the interbreeding between Neanderthals and modern humans had occurred a few thousand years prior to the Denisovans coming over to Siberia, and that the interbreeding between the Neanderthals and Neanderthals was more of an intermixing of different species. However, it was previously thought that this interbreeding happened via exchange from other archaic hominins, which means we don’t yet fully understand why it has remained elusive for so long.

The study may also further change the way we look at the Denisovans. The researchers argue that this new DNA evidence shows that the Denisovans and Neanderthals may not be a discrete subgroup with identical ancestry. Rather, it seems that a number of different species, some that had been on the landscape for hundreds if not thousands, of years may have interbred together while Denisovans were still on the planet.

As we continue to learn about our genetic history and the species that were around when it was in fact ours, there are still a few other questions that we should be asking. One of the questions that is much easier to answer is why, exactly, a population like the Denisovans, a species with a well-known extinct population, would move to Siberia when they were in the same geographic region as these modern humans who had become extinct. We could, however, learn more about how this population came to inhabit our planet by exploring a different area, such as Siberia. A number of previous studies did try to answer those questions, but again a lack of scientific understanding around what was going on in that region was a crucial weakness in many of these studies. As a further development for the Siberian research, scientists believe that in the 1930s a second population of hominins, which was distinct from the Neanderthals (and other archaic hominins), might have invaded from Africa. If this is the case, there may have been a period of increased genetic isolation and migration (something that has also been shown in Africa). And unlike the Neanderthals and Denisovans, the second group was much older than either of the latter and would have also been far from a geographical area known for its extreme climates.

The question of a possible ancient migration remains but it will be interesting to see how these questions affect the way we look at the Neanderthal and Denisovan human species today. The more we learn about the ancient history of our species, the more insight we will have into our own past and it may even help us think more creatively about the future of humanity.

As humans, we are descended from the Neanderthals, but our ancestors were much more closely related to the Neapolitans than they were to Denisovans (and vice versa). The two groups coexisted in the past (some paleontologists say until the modern humans were around 20k years old). And now, we have evidence (thanks to an incredible “micro-review”!) that Homo sapiens had interbred with Neolithic humans at least a million years ago , as both groups were still sharing the same environment at the time. At some point, the Neanderthals migrated out of what is thought of as Africa into the Middle East and Europe , and as the Neovans left Africa to get to the Eurasian continent, the H. sapiens (or their ancestors) started their long journey. I’ll skip to the end and do the very last sentence (that’s a very important sentence–and I haven’t even mentioned the obvious implications of the genetic data or the new information): “The arrival of H. sapiens in Europe probably coincided with the advent of the Neolithic Revolution, which was more effective than any pre-Neolithic technological advance in creating a new environment suitable for human occupation.”

As we can now definitively identify that humans were able to adapt to a new environment and create an environment conducive to co-existence, the theory of human evolution has been thrown out, and modern humans emerged as a distinctspecies. If we weren’t human , we wouldn’t be here now. The Neolithic Revolution

The Neolithic revolution in Neolithic Europe occurred when agriculture supplanted hunting and gathering in the region. In particular, large-scale agriculture changed the nature of the landscape, including the introduction of many diseases. As the Neolithic population grew past what would normally be considered the “acceptable” level, Neolithic people started moving into Europe and other more populated areas. By the end of the Holocene, up to 15% of the world’s populations lived in Europe (including those in the Middle East).

But, as mentioned in the introduction, the first Neolithic settlements predated the coming of the modern human population into Europe. The first Neolithic civilizations appear in Eurasia (and even earlier in the northern African, Indian, and Pacific island groups). In a few decades, the first large-scale Neolithic cities with permanent settlements appeared. The first cities and villages to appear over several centuries were cities in Southern Europe . There has been a significant movement of people into Europe over the last two thousand years, but since around 10,000 BCE, humans have been moving into more and more areas of the world, notably the New World and Australia, but in the European Mediterranean, there are fewer and fewer living Neolithic sites . So, you might be wondering why this new story of Human Evolutionary History would want us to accept a scenario of only human origin, when there’s so much evidence to the contrary?

Here’s my argument for the following: The theory of human evolution must not only be explained by an intelligent designer, but it must also be explained by a deity who is responsible for everything that was or is happening at any given time. For the purposes of this discussion, I understand as one hypothesis (or possibly several), but it has to be explained by a creator and not just the effects of natural processes. In my view, the creator (God in English) had to have had an awareness of the existence of the world, our nature and our place within the universe, and the nature of human life and the Earth itself.

Note that I use “creator” as a synonym for “prophet,” because both are the same sort of thing. When it is a human creating or explaining anything through the powers of his or her mind, we have to say that it was not God, but rather His hand. You can call it the creator or the prophet.

So, if the God I revere wasn’t the “creator” of this world and the universe, it would be necessary for me to accept a human designer (or creator) and a “higher intelligence” in order to accept the creation and evolution of our species.

As it stands, though, the existence of a creator was needed to explain the existence of our species.

However, all of that’s very relevant to the Neolithic Revolution and the “creation” of the neolithic civilizations. I believe that this creation needed to happen with much more deliberate effort as a result of the effects of Neolithic people moving into an environment more conducive to agriculture and population growth. As we can see from the description of the Neolithic “revolution,” the Neolithic communities required much more skilled craftsmen, which meant that very young children could not perform many tasks on their own. With more skilled craftsmen, it is clear that younger children were capable of performing some tasks. Moreover, while a Neolithic society doesn’t need an elaborate

The star’s sun is emitting a plume of highly energetic radiation over a huge area, about 5000 light years in diameter, which will eventually engulf the star.

This is the only time a star from our solar system has ever been captured by a vampire star. According to this paper,

“we found a previously unrecognized phenomenon where an exoplanet captured by a stellar companion might eventually be transformed into a star (the so-called vampire effect) by the gravitational attraction of the star and its surrounding system.”

The authors explain that when a planet is captured by a stellar system, it becomes like a vampire. It sucks the life out of its host star. The researchers calculated that a human on Earth could be sucked into this form with an altitude of 10 kilometers (6.5 miles) with only the gravitational pull of Mars. The authors estimate that Earth’s current density is roughly two kilograms per cubic meter, and that a vampire planet would be less dense. The authors find this discovery fascinating and say that they expect that similar effects could occur in the future.

Their paper is titled “ Vampirism of a Solar System Companion Planets “ [10] . The paper is currently in the journals Planetary and Space Science.

The first step towards learning to recognize faces was the evolution of the faceservice, which allowed each individual to determine if that individual’s face was unique; after learning the unique face of others, each insect has developed an innate ability to recognize individual faces. Thus the first evolutionary step in how insects learned to cooperate was by having other insects recognize their faces. The second evolved in the same way, only with it the information was not about the identity of another individual, but the identity of a certain face. [1]

The third evolved to allow for cooperation based purely on a collective decision by a group of individuals [2]. The fourth evolved to allow for cooperation based purely on a collective decision by a group of individuals, but only in those contexts where everyone can recognize their faces together [3]

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I like the first and second stages of evolution because they both do what we want them to do and can do without requiring any input from us. The third stage is far more interesting, and has a lot more potential for being useful. [4]

5 [5]

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10 [11]

This is an important discovery that might pave the way for a new, “spooky” quantum theory. What is so special about terahertz waves?

The terahertz energy has unusual interactions which help explain how such waves can exist at such a high frequency. As the name suggests, terahertz energy is the name given to the electromagnetic energy of a frequency range of around 7501200 MHz. These low frequencies can be observed by using radio wavesa light source to convert the energy into electrical energy. Using the frequency range of terahertz, the frequencies have a greater range because they can emit a bit less energy per unit of time. It has been hypothesized that the radio frequencies could exist inside the atom at the atomic level, though there is no direct evidence yet. (See the link to this article) In addition to the high frequency range of terahertz, it is a unique form of electromagnetic energy that can be produced using electronic devices and radio waves. This energy has unusual interactions that help explain how such waves can exist at such a high frequency.

One particular property of terahertz is that it is hard to detect as a direct result of noise, but it is detectable as a function of where an individual waveform is created at the end of a wave propagation when it hits certain points in a resonant cavity: This finding opens the door for an entirely new physics concept of the “spooky action at a distance.” Physicists have long known that there has to be a property (or “wavefunction”) within matter that governs how the frequency of light gets created from a wave in the first place, but a method or theorem for identifying it had only been discovered by scientists in a few instances.

Spooky action at a distance, in which case the speed of light is also a quantum number. Spooky actionat a distance is”superposition”. “Superposition” refers to a “state” of two or more things that aren’t directly related to one anothersuch as an electrical circuit and a light source. A frequency or wave may then show up as a “superposition” of two of the three frequency levels, or different states. In this theory, the fundamental principle is that particles, and energy, are the manifestations of the “spooky” action at a distance itself. Spooky actionat a distance is not an exact function of the energy level of the source, which is a function of the frequency.It is one of those areas of science that gets a bunch of people excited, but makes as little physical sense as saying that a cat could fly at the speed of sound.

This discovery, if true, means that terahertz is now one of the most promising potential sources of exotic frequencies and processes. It could open the door to a whole new realm of phenomena which haven’t yet been discoveredsuch as low-temperature superconductivity, which is one of the most significant current problems in modern science. As you can imagine, it’s an amazing findand a major step in understanding the new physics that may come in the future. There are already predictions of higher-temperature superconductivity occurring, and I expect we will be seeing more superconductivity by the next decade.

Why is terahertz so special?

Scientists at MIT and at Rice University have been working on a new terahertz detection method for a couple years now. This process uses magnetic resonance imaging to pick up the energies of terahertz waves coming off the surface of an atomic structure. I’ve made a list of some of the interesting properties of this technique in the link to this article. As the researchers have shown, it’s indeed possible to detect terahertz frequencies, but not with any high probability. The chances of finding 10 terahertz electromagnetic waves are 0.000103812, as compared to 100 trillion, so there’s something special about this band. These measurements allow researchers to understand how this experimental method differs from existing methods for detecting terahertz wave signals. Another new method in this process involves detecting terahertz electromagnetic waves by using an electromagnetic device which can only emit a certain frequency of terahertz radiation. The device emits that terahertz frequency and converts the radio-frequency radiation into an electrical signal, but without converting it to visible colors. This is important because it means that a device to detect such a “superposition” property of terahertz energy, one that would normally need external devices to operate, is actually present inside the device. All of the other detection methods, therefore, aren’t 100 percent successful. However, because of the way this technique was designed, there is very low probability of detecting more than 0.000045

The plan was that of the Soviet Union in 1965. In 1968, the space program was given its first American partner. It was an American company called Northrop Grumman . Northrop is well-sourced company and has a real history of space achievement. In its 20th year of service, it was the first Boeing 707-200 to fly from the West Coast to the east coast (from Los Angeles to Detroit, no less), flew the last passenger 747 in its last 747 cargo flight from San Francisco to Cairo, and, according to the aerospace site Popular Culture, designed and flew the space shuttle that orbited America for three years. But the company’s main contribution to the space program has been in building and testing the Saturn V rocket. As the Apollo program was being killed by the Soviet Union, Northrop went on to make a name for itself in the U.S. in the 1980s working with NASA to create the Commercial Crew initiative for NASA to design, fly and test commercially-built spacecraft. The Cassini-Huygens mission, which has been the first in a series of spacecraft to venture beyond Saturn’s orbit, is an example of what a major corporation can do. I had an opportunity to sit down with Northrop CEO, Frank Bajakian recently. The subject of the interview was the company’s work on the mission. I asked him why he believes a Saturn V will still be useful after the space shuttle is retired. His response was short and straightforward: a Saturn V was designed to get astronauts past the speed of sound and to send them to Mars by the 2040s. It will also be important to test the technology needed for human exploration of Mars. The spacecraft that Northrop has designed are large, expensive, and don’t work very well on a journey to Mars under the most harsh conditions, because they have to withstand heat, radiation, wind, and even low pressures of up to 60 atmospheres. But, Bajakian said, as he views development of these future spacecraft, he is convinced that the Saturn V will remain indispensable. He told me that while the shuttle has been the focus of American space exploration throughout the last 35 years with the Russians having a secondary role, all nations in the space program must consider that the future of space exploration will be largely a U.S. effort. “If you want to go as light as possible and deploy as fast and as inexpensively as possible,” Bajakian said, “then you have to put all you have to you in a mission to Mars, and you have to invest the time and resources into that mission.” Now, it’s true that the Soviets never really said they would take as long as the shuttle to Mars, they said they would start a program. But the idea that it will be in the future and that it will be a long time before humans go to Mars sounds to me like an incredibly optimistic scenario. In reality, the last two decades of American spaceflight have not turned out to be so peaceful as one would think, or so peaceful as anyone would, because Russia has become an aggressive, ruthless, and threatening actor whenever it doesn’t get the credit it deserves. This comes out clearly in the recent controversy surrounding Russia’s supposed support for the Assad government in Syria. When we hear about the “allies” in the government who are supporting the regime, we forget about how much Russia has invaded and occupied the country of Iraq, how much it has attacked Ukraine, and how much money it has spent on weapons, especially in Syria. But, in all the discussion about Russia’s support for Assad, there is the implication that this is something that all other nations should have taken into consideration. Of course, we can’t do anything about Russia’s actions in Syria, but by ignoring the problem, our focus must remain on the need to do everything possible to build a relationship based on economic cooperation and mutual respect during the next stage of space exploration. The goal, according to Bajakian, will be “that people learn how to get along in a world that’s getting more hostile.” To continue our space efforts, more people need to know about space. To make this happen, more space-related organizations need to engage more people across the country. I recently visited a convention of the American Public Policy Association, which has a member organization focused on space issues, and I met with one of the organization’s members for about 8 hours. According to the man in charge of the organization, the group’s members would like to see the Space Act Initiative included in the 2016 American budget. He told me the same theme that Bajakian expressed: that people need to feel that they are part of the space community and its success won’t depend on them getting a piece of the action. In recent years, for the most part, this sentiment has been ignored.

Why does NASA have to give up its human space travel program? Is a new private space program, or even a new type of satellite, preferable to a

You can see these cards in action by running a sample adventure from the Adventurer’s League game. I am not suggesting you attempt to play through these quests with the adventuring party, but they are still very useful for learning who has taken your position, where to go forward, and what to expect.

To summarize, we can now look at what can be made to fit inside a board. After all, it is the pieces of the board that make up the board, and there is quite a bit of information that can be gained by looking at a board. With this in mind, I will walk you through some of the most important aspects of forming your character.

First, let me start with the most basic part of our building: your race. There are a number of options available with varying difficulty. I will give you a generic list while we move on to explaining the specifics in more detail.

Tieflings - Your first and primary race will likely make up your core ability set. These are simple, fast moving beings, excellent thieves and explorers. Good against magic and non-magical weapons, they can hold their own against many creatures with the right combination of equipment. Their racial ability is Dexterity, which is a +2 bonus on Acrobatics and Climb checks. This makes tieflings excellent jumpers, climbers and archers, who can quickly gain ground against even the toughest of opponents. Tieflings are considered half-blooded and can be used as a hybrid race: While they are not technically half-giants (they don’t fall into that category), half-tiefling traits also increase the bonus given to their Dexterity.

Humans - First and second most important races, humans are quick, light, and very strong. Their racial ability bonus to Armor Class is +4 and increases to +5 for medium and heavy armor. This is a plus for any creature that can put it on. They also have +2 to Wisdom and to Charisma and both of these abilities are key factors for improving your own character’s personality. Humans can also be used as a hybrid race, and both of these traits are very important. You must be able to wield two different weapons with any one attack roll. To do this, the weapon must have a melee range of 5 feet or longer. In addition, you must take the Unarmed Strike feat. Using this feat increases the damage of your unarmed strikes by twice. Using the Unarmed Strike feat requires you to still take the Dodge feat but deals no weapon damage.

Elf - The least important of our race options. Elf’s racial ability bonus to Wisdom is mediocre and doesn’t affect your Charisma score for any purpose. Since you won’t be casting spells, that will be very limited as well. Their bonus to Constitution doesn’t provide any bonuses for any ability, and their racial strength is only +1 with a minimum of 25.

Halflings - The first and third most important races, this is one that you can expect to be very familiar with. Halflings are half-elves, and they have this special quality that gives them -1 Dexterity bonus to AC. This is good for the same reasons humans and halflings can wield two weapons. However, they make use of the +2 racial bonus to Armor Class, for their natural armor to stay higher than human armor. They can also be used as a hybrid race, being either a half-elves or a half-giants. This is an option for most encounters, and is excellent for dealing with the toughest of creatures. The +2 racial bonus to Constitution and the +1 class bonus also give them the ability to keep up to speed with other creatures.

Tieflings and Humans will each have their own racial specialities (or not) and have their own starting skills. They too are going to be very familiar with their starting environment and will have their own racial abilities (or not).

Halflings also get a bonus on attack rolls with the shortsword or longsword, but again it is not a racial bonus, it is a class feature. At level 3 you get the ability to choose which type of weapon is best for you, so you can pick the one that suits your style of play.

Humans also get a racial bonus to Intelligence, which is an ability they were not meant to have, because they have to have at least a 16 and a 3. Their starting skills are also limited, and if they are to be truly useful, you are going to have to start at level 10. Once you have your class skills, you are going to be able to master them, so don’t start at level 9 where you look like an idiot with your poor movement and poor hit points.

Here are

The last one isn’t something to get worked up about. There are lots of other interesting aspects to consider, but a couple more are worth mentioning. First, the number has the form 10% down at 3.9% for tax year 2015. So this year it is roughly the same value as 2013, at just over 9.6%. The annual growth rate over the past decade is less than 3%. And the growth rate over the decade for 2011 was less than 1%. So, if you take those numbers at face value, it’s likely going to produce a net negative result. This is because a tax cut in excess of 15% is supposed to produce a negative increase in revenue. That’s unfortunate, but let’s review the facts and figure out why this is so.

The tax cuts were the biggest issue, and I suspect this will be the focus of tomorrow’s update. The revenue numbers for 2011-12 are very encouraging, while the tax cuts were relatively small. But this number has been revised slightly upward a few times, leading to some confusion. Most of the confusion here is attributable to a slightly different way of projecting the growth rate. If you don’t need the whole text to understand this, do skip to the next chart:

But let’s take a deep breath and look at the numbers by tax category to get the whole message across.

A tax cut of $2,500 for everyone is a modest cut indeed. And given the high level of revenue growth in 2011 (over 3.5% in 2011) this is good revenue.

It’s a large offset for the spending cuts that were taken, because the tax rates were already quite high. If you had wanted to balance the budget, you would have chosen a lower rate of growth and not done away with the spending reductions. That would be politically untenable. Of course, a low rate of growth doesn’t mean it’s low. And there are some benefits of being high. First, income growth for low income families is significantly better than income growth for the wealthy, which has led to much greater gains from fiscal policy than has been commonly thought. Second, high low-income families are likely to continue to accumulate more wealth than high high-income families. This means that for an increase in tax income to make any kind of economic difference, you’d have to lower the tax rate on the highest income groups, not higher income households. Third, the gains to high-income households are likely to be higher than those in the middle, because they are concentrated in the business sector and because many of them would use higher tax revenues to offset their lost wages.

Not all gains for the top end of the system would disappear, of course. A couple of other things wouldn’t: the capital gains capital gains (because profits have moved more of their value towards capital rather than towards labor over the past couple of decades), the depreciation provision of various tax laws, the exclusion of dividend income, and the ability (as you can see by analyzing the data) for an offshore subsidiary to defer taxes for a company located in low-tax countries. But those losses are small compared with the big gains.

And by this , you could have a tax bill of zero, too. In a perfect world, everyone does what their taxes say, and has a flat flat tax. But the real world is more complex, and some people pay more than others. If the government were entirely free to tax you based on what you earn, you would have no incentive to work, because the tax advantage you have would be small compared with the tax disadvantage others would face. Those that are working will get the biggest tax deduction, and the other people that are working will lose. No matter how you cut the tax rate, a flat tax is still an income tax and is liable to generate a tax savings for all tax payers, including those that are not taking advantage of the benefit. But if you can make up a difference in other ways, you can’t use the benefits from the flat tax to offset the income losses those who are not investing will be going through, so you end up paying more. The “new” “terrification”

But the numbers above do show that the lower a tax rate, the stronger the tax cuts are.

Which raises a much bigger question how much higher can tax rates go? We have a way to determine that. If you start with today’s levels of debt, and you want to cut it by the same amount as current levels of debt, you might have to move the lower end of that curve up quite a bit, by some amount. After all, even if tax cuts were as large as the ones we just talked about, we’d already have reduced debt quite a bit.

It would be nice if this were the case, but it isn’t, and that pretty much kills any pretense of being a black hole. So when I first heard about these things, I wasn’t expecting them to be as cool and exotic as they were, but then I learned a little bit about the physics of these things, thanks to YouTube, and I discovered that they really just boil down to a force acting on something, typically a black hole, and it’s not the way I thought it would be:

It seems like my first thought about this was that it was just a matter of time, then I realized that my entire thought process was flawed. What you just described and demonstrated on video was, by my own admission, nothing but a prediction. So the answer to why they’re called “black holes” in the first place is just a bunch of random stuff that happens (in practice, however, it’s generally not). When you think about it, they’re pretty boring, too. It’s just a regular piece of the universe, and once you have an experience with them, you don’t really remember much of your first thought about it. So the fact that we got to think about physics of space and time, black holes, gravity, and dark matter, all at the same time, is pretty great. So, in conclusion, this is my theory. Basically, this is what the world was like before we were born. Everything we see in the universe was like a movie, or a television show.

My favorite scene. I know, it’s just a movie, right? And there was no life, no people, it was just a movie. All of this stuff was fictional, so I can’t really think of it as real, right? It was just a movie, right? I mean, it was made up, but it was still basically a movie.

That’s right. It was movie, but it was made up. I mean, the movie made up all the dialogue, but they did put together a complete plot and cast, just by making up the dialogue. The things that happened and how they made up the world and the people that lived in it, were just totally fake, and the movie was just fiction. No doubt about it, a movie made up people. Not really, but I thought it was important to point this out.

And just so you guys don’t judge me too harshly for this, I’m the last person in the world to criticize, as I have to know how it’s done. (Though the movie and TV show scene was cool, but let’s just accept that the movie and TV show stuff was based on an “actual” movie). I would hate to just dismiss an entire genre as just a movie, just because the people who made it make that statement. At any rate, we had this world. We had this movie theater. This TV show. We had these books, and novels, and stories, and poetry, and everything else you can think of, from science fiction to horror to urban fantasy, to fantasy to science-fiction, to religion to mysticism. This is how all the people in this world lived. To this day, we can all be friends and family, and see each other in our physical reality. We can communicate with each other, and we can even make each other laugh as he is making the joke. You know the drill. There is no difference. But when I think about it, the truth is that there was no life before the movie came out. It did seem like it could have been possible.

So maybe the movie made something happen. It made my parents and their friends become interested in science and technology, and the people in a particular universe become interested in it. It has the potential to change our world forever. But would it have happened otherwise? Probably not. We’re not there yet, but a few years from now, there will be trillions of us, and there is nothing to stop us from getting super-special and super-interesting. But I’ll bet that there will be other civilizations and people in the future that will become even more special, and more interesting. I’ll bet that they won’t be very very special.

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