This is an important discovery that might pave the way for a new, “spooky” quantum theory. What is so special about terahertz waves?
The terahertz energy has unusual interactions which help explain how such waves can exist at such a high frequency. As the name suggests, terahertz energy is the name given to the electromagnetic energy of a frequency range of around 7501200 MHz. These low frequencies can be observed by using radio wavesa light source to convert the energy into electrical energy. Using the frequency range of terahertz, the frequencies have a greater range because they can emit a bit less energy per unit of time. It has been hypothesized that the radio frequencies could exist inside the atom at the atomic level, though there is no direct evidence yet. (See the link to this article) In addition to the high frequency range of terahertz, it is a unique form of electromagnetic energy that can be produced using electronic devices and radio waves. This energy has unusual interactions that help explain how such waves can exist at such a high frequency.
One particular property of terahertz is that it is hard to detect as a direct result of noise, but it is detectable as a function of where an individual waveform is created at the end of a wave propagation when it hits certain points in a resonant cavity: This finding opens the door for an entirely new physics concept of the “spooky action at a distance.” Physicists have long known that there has to be a property (or “wavefunction”) within matter that governs how the frequency of light gets created from a wave in the first place, but a method or theorem for identifying it had only been discovered by scientists in a few instances.
Spooky action at a distance, in which case the speed of light is also a quantum number. Spooky actionat a distance is”superposition”. “Superposition” refers to a “state” of two or more things that aren’t directly related to one anothersuch as an electrical circuit and a light source. A frequency or wave may then show up as a “superposition” of two of the three frequency levels, or different states. In this theory, the fundamental principle is that particles, and energy, are the manifestations of the “spooky” action at a distance itself. Spooky actionat a distance is not an exact function of the energy level of the source, which is a function of the frequency.It is one of those areas of science that gets a bunch of people excited, but makes as little physical sense as saying that a cat could fly at the speed of sound.
This discovery, if true, means that terahertz is now one of the most promising potential sources of exotic frequencies and processes. It could open the door to a whole new realm of phenomena which haven’t yet been discoveredsuch as low-temperature superconductivity, which is one of the most significant current problems in modern science. As you can imagine, it’s an amazing findand a major step in understanding the new physics that may come in the future. There are already predictions of higher-temperature superconductivity occurring, and I expect we will be seeing more superconductivity by the next decade.
Why is terahertz so special?
Scientists at MIT and at Rice University have been working on a new terahertz detection method for a couple years now. This process uses magnetic resonance imaging to pick up the energies of terahertz waves coming off the surface of an atomic structure. I’ve made a list of some of the interesting properties of this technique in the link to this article. As the researchers have shown, it’s indeed possible to detect terahertz frequencies, but not with any high probability. The chances of finding 10 terahertz electromagnetic waves are 0.000103812, as compared to 100 trillion, so there’s something special about this band. These measurements allow researchers to understand how this experimental method differs from existing methods for detecting terahertz wave signals. Another new method in this process involves detecting terahertz electromagnetic waves by using an electromagnetic device which can only emit a certain frequency of terahertz radiation. The device emits that terahertz frequency and converts the radio-frequency radiation into an electrical signal, but without converting it to visible colors. This is important because it means that a device to detect such a “superposition” property of terahertz energy, one that would normally need external devices to operate, is actually present inside the device. All of the other detection methods, therefore, aren’t 100 percent successful. However, because of the way this technique was designed, there is very low probability of detecting more than 0.000045