The aurora’s appearance in the sky may also be visible further north, near the Canadian border.
A look at the Earth and aurora
Earth As Seen By The Moon A few hours before sunset on Thursday night, the southern coast of the United States is illuminated by daylight. The sun rises above the east side of the Earth and sets atop the West side of the Earth. The top level of the west-facing limb is nearly as high as the level of the Moon. The Sun rotates with a rate not much different from Earth’s, so the Earth does not move between two parallel orbits. One rotation of the Earth takes about 7 hours 39 minutes. This motion of the Earth is just as fast as that of the Moon and our Sun. This fact makes it possible to travel from one side of the Earth to another as we move westward. (The distance between the center of the Earth and the other side of the Sun is 93,000 miles (150,000 km). There are three primary forces that pull matter toward the central orb when the Sun and Moon line up on opposite sides of the Earth. Two are gravity and the others are the Sun’s atmosphere and magnetic fields. An object in the atmosphere (called a solar filament), for example, is a large ring of plasma around the outer edge of Earth. A small amount of matter (more than 0.5 micrometers in width) from the sun will enter the atmosphere of Earth to rise, fall, or swirl in front of and below the Sun. In this way, the atmosphere of Earth can be thought of as two big “wheels” with spokes or “ribbons.” The spokes are moving at different velocities . The spokes can also be seen as an airplane passing above the lower and upper belts of the sun. The velocity of the spokes is what causes the belt to change and the sun to appear to rotate around the center. During the early hours of December 2, the magnetic activity in the belt (called the Southern Heliacal Cycle) increased (this is expected due to the rotation of the Earth). This might happen several times before the cycle ends at mid-January. The last heliacal motion is known as the sunspot minimum.
A view of the solar wind , a fast spinning cloud of charged particles that travel backward from Earth. A coronal mass ejection, or CME, is a giant spinning, fast-moving cloud of charged particles that travels backward from Earth. Solar wind, along with two other major eruptions around the sun, are known to cause an unusual alignment of solar magnetic fields, sometimes called solar flares. This has been called a “sunspot cycle” for a series of events in the last 2,500 years called the Little Ice Age and the Glacial Maxima. These eruptions are believed to be triggered by the energetic particles from the solar corona. When the sun goes nova, the corona heats up and shoots out particles that send energetic particles into space.
A view of the Earth from the Sun This animation (below) shows how the solar wind works.
The Earth And Sun With the Sun Moving Through The Sky The Earth and the sun are constantly moving through space. This is due to the solar wind, which is like a small tornado moving backward from the sun. To take a look at the motion of the Earth and the Sun, look to the solar horizon and the south. As the Sun moves through the sky, it creates what the astronomers call a coronal mass ejection (CME). A CME usually rises in the middle of the night, travels outward for an hour or more, then turns back and sets in the same part of the sky. Each CME carries about as much energy as the sun produces in a year. These CMEs often cause changes in the magnetic field and ionosphere of Earth. As the Sun and the Earth turn from north to south, the magnetization of the atmosphere changes. As the Earth spins at the equator around its axis and rotates clockwise, the atmosphere spins counterclockwise. These forces create disturbances in the magnetic field of the Earth that may seem like magnetic storms but are actually caused by the change of the geomagnetic field. In other words, the auroras seen in this area are caused by the Earth’s magnetic field. As the sun moves through the sky, it creates some disturbances in the aurora caused by the Sun’s rotation. When we look at the Sun, we are really looking through the eyes of someone who is looking at the Earth. We can see the Earth, but not its atmosphere. The Sun can be seen in different wavelengths of light, each of which has its own particular wavelength of light. While you can see the sun in various kinds of light wavelengths (colors, for example) , the most commonly seen spectrum of light is ultraviolet (visible) which is the most powerful UV light at the Earth’s surface. While you can see several colors of sunlight and that the Sun provides many different colors of light,