They believe it should be done quickly and permanently in order to combat the dangers of the tropical diseases that grow up in poor countries.
And on the political front, Japan has set the bar high for the first time. Under its 2013 federal budget, it will spend $7.3 billion to control the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide emissions from power plants and by 2025, it spent $18 billion to combat climate change pollution, according to a new report by the University of Tokyo. That is nearly half of its $30.5 billion goal set just before the Fukushima nuclear accident in 2006 when Tokyo Electric Power Co. committed $5.2 billion to reduce greenhouse gas emissions globally. “In its last two years there have been several steps to do anything they can to reduce climate change,” said Juhiyo Suga, an economic advisor for the research institute. (Source: The Japan News Agency (JNMA))
But it was not just the $5.2 billion of progress that Japanese politicians and bureaucrats have made to reduce the carbon dioxide forts in Japan, it wasn’t just the political promise, either. Many of that progress might help the country’s economy to pick up that slack in its massive pollution problem. It was the announcement of the new Kyoto Protocol aimed at reviving the long-standing agreement on limiting greenhouse gases. The Japanese government is now going back to work on setting its own emissions target, at least under the Kyoto Protocol.
Article continues after ad Advertisement . Some climate skeptics might question that the Kyoto Protocol was negotiated like this , given the current world of global greenhouse gas concentrations, with most countries set to follow in the 2030s, said Yuichi Shimizu, a research professor at Tokyo’s Kogarama University and one of the key figures in the international climate fight against warming. “It is hard to overstate the urgency for developing countries to do this , or any other policy,” he added. “In many places we don’t expect any kind of political solution. No-one is pushing for the Kyoto Protocol to be broken down in detail.” Japan’s Kyoto Protocol is the cornerstone of Japan’s nuclear and power policies over the past two decades, according to a 2011 report. However, the Kyoto Protocol was the first major attempt by the nation to cut greenhouse gas concentrations. According to Kyoto’s World Compact, Japan is an “exceptional power,” which calls for all power countries to keep at least 80 percent of their total carbon dioxide emissions below 2 tons of carbon dioxide, then share them among countries that share 80 percent or less. By the time the Kyoto Protocol was negotiated, it was expected that it would only set 2 percent of carbon dioxide levels by 2030, Shimizu said. So the green initiatives that Japan has recently taken include the creation of a Climate-Smart Plan on how to cut emissions and limiting the increase in greenhouse gas emissions from power plants.
It’s all just one more bit of green progress for Japan , but it could be the beginning , the key to tackling climate change, to lift the nation’s status in the world. Japan has the world’s highest emissions of carbon dioxide (40.4 TCO3), but its population is only 5% of global population. Most of the world’s large emitters are located inside China , which has already surpassed China as the world’s largest and most polluting greenhouse gas source and is likely to overtake Japan by 2050 as the world’s emitters.
Source: Environment Japan “When they were first being introduced in the 1990s, it was pretty much ‘we have to reduce emissions’ to get them to meet their targets,” Shimizu said. “As recently as 2003, they were just doing some things with the world and the world was a little worried, which is sort of the problem now that there is a lot of focus on the Kyoto Protocol. But now we are making clear that they only do that if the target is going to be met and if it’s going to be done without the need for serious work before they can actually do any action.”
It’s all quite another bit of green progress for Japan , but it could be the beginning , the key to tackling climate change, to lift the nation’s status in the world.